Originally a part of the Ottoman Empire, the area of Palestine, covering much of present-day Israel and Jordan, was created in 1917 when the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) of the British Army ousted the Turks and divided the former empire. Following the post-World War I peace talks, Jordan was created as a new territory under British protection and a civil administration took over Palestine from the British Army. In 1922, Great Britain received a mandate from the League of Nations to administer the territory, governing Palestine until the independent state of Israel was created in 1948.

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